Workforce demographic

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  • The representation of women in the Public Service workforce continues at a high level, with 61.7% of employees being female as at 30 June 2020. This is the highest level since first measured in 2000 (56.2%).
  • As at 30 June 2020, the percentage of women in the top three tiers of senior management was 53.2%, up from 39.8% in 2010.
  • The gender pay gap in the Public Service as at 30 June 2020 was 9.6%, a 0.9 percentage point decrease from last year’s gap of 10.5%. This is the lowest gender pay gap in the Public Service since measurement began in 2000.
  • Although Europeans still made up the highest proportion (66.3%) in 2020, this has decreased steadily over the past 20 years. Māori (15.9%) and Pacific (9.7%) representation in the Public Service workforce continued at high levels compared to the overall New Zealand labour force (12.6% and 6.3% respectively in the year to June 2020). There was an increase in the representation of Asian (11.6% up from 11.1% last year) staff, although this still lags Asian representation in the New Zealand labour force (15.9%). Representation of Middle Eastern, Latin African and American (MELAA) employees in the Public Service (1.7%), has been increasing steadily over the past five years, and is slightly higher than that in the New Zealand labour force (1.4%).
  • The average age of the Public Service workforce was 44.2 years. The average age of the workforce has been trending down slightly from a peak in 2015-16 of 44.8 years. Before then the workforce had been aging steadily, with the average age in 2000 being 40.8 years.

The following interactive tables show key demographic measures by department and occupational group.

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