Kupu whakataki Introduction
Te mahi i ngā whakahaere kāwanatanga Public servants at work
Mō te kaimahi tari kāwanatanga i waho atu i ngā hāora mahi Public servants outside work
Ngā kawenga o ngā tari o te kāwanatanga Responsibilities of public sector agencies
Te pānuitanga, te whakaaturanga me te pāpāho Public sector advertising, publicity and the media
Ngā kaimahi tari kāwanatanga me te Pōti Nui The public sector and the general election
Ngā tukanga ā-kāwanatanga mō te pōtitanga Government processes before, during and after an election
Ngā Horopaki Appendix A: Case Studies
Shortly before the election, a very senior staff member of an independent Crown entity writes an opinion editorial about the performance of the government during the previous 12 months. This is published on a news website.
It is inappropriate for a public agency or for very senior staff to make political comments on the performance of the government, even where the agency has a statutory role to advocate for certain issues. The staff member should ensure any comments or advocacy focuses on the particular issues or rights for which they have a statutory role.
Principle that applies
Publicly commenting on the performance of the current government during the pre-election period is likely to be seen as political comment. This is potentially damaging to the relationship of trust and confidence between the public sector agency and the government, whether that is the current or a new government.
Regardless of whether comments are favourable or unfavourable, maintaining political neutrality in serving the government of the day is important so that the public sector can serve both current and any future governments equally effectively.
Public servants who are very senior, have regular, direct contact with Ministers, represent their agency and provide advice to Ministers on an issue that is the subject of political activity need to exercise careful judgement when considering political involvement. Their profile and engagement with Ministers and the public, make it more likely that their political activity could affect public confidence, or the confidence of Ministers, in the political neutrality of their agency.
Whether a particular political interest or activity might impact on a work role or can be managed, depends on the seniority of the role; the nature of the role; and the scope and scale of the political activity.
When corresponding with the media, agencies should ensure their comments focus on their statutory role (such as promoting human rights or climate action), rather than advocacy for political parties’ policies or encouraging any political party to adopt the agency’s policy as its own.
Personal opinions can be expressed but need to be very clear that any comments are not made on behalf of the agency or government.
A high-profile public sector manager is asked to be filmed alongside the Minister, as part of a promotional video of the Minister discussing the agency’s work. The video is only published on the social media pages of the political party.
During the pre-election period, the appearance of the public sector manager in a video that is designed to be published on a political party’s social media platform is not appropriate. There is a high risk that the public sector manager will be perceived as endorsing a political party.
Had the video been produced by the agency and published on the agency’s website then that is more likely to be appropriate, provided this was for the purpose of communicating factual and impartial information about the activities of the agency and the Minister in their official capacities.
Principle that applies
Public servants need to be, and be seen to be, politically neutral in their official capacity.
Checklist: factors to consider
Whether the appearance of a public servant in publicity material could be seen as endorsing a political party will depend on a number of factors:
- exclusivity – whether the material is already public (for example, media footage or already published on a Minister’s site)
- branding – the extent that the political party’s brand appears alongside any public servant
- style and mode – whether the material is curated/staged and whether the public servants are deliberately or incidentally featured
- profile – whether the employee has a high public profile or is a very senior employee
- promoter – whether a promoter (authorisation) statement is included in the footage, which is requirement for election advertising.
The following guidance may help agencies and public servants in deciding whether it is appropriate to be involved in publicity material involving politicians:
- public servants should usually be able to appear in the background footage of a Minister
- it is unlikely to be appropriate for public servants to speak directly to camera
- public servants with a high public profile or who are very senior should not be prominently featured, if at all
- the manner of interaction between the Minister and the public servants should be considered to see if that might imply endorsement
- if appearing with a politician, it should also be clear that the politician is appearing in their ministerial capacity
- public servants would usually only be filmed on their work premises undertaking their normal business and usually only by media, ministerial staff or the agency
- political parties can film from public places or re-use publicly available footage but would not usually be given consent to film bespoke material on government premises
- if an agency is asked for consent to use footage of a public servant (or a public servant is asked personally), they should first understand the purposes for and ways in which that footage will be used
- where an MP or party seeks to visit an agency, it may be appropriate for the agency to ask in advance what photos or filming is intended (if any), and the use that the MP or party intend to make of any such photos or filming.