01 August 2022

This guidance provides further explanation and case studies for the models outlined in the toolkit.  

If you have questions about any of the models in the toolkit, Contact us

You can also refer back to the:

System Design Toolkit for shared problems

System Design Toolkit — Detail (PDF, 318 KB)

Glossary — System architecture and design 

Acronyms used in this guidance

  • CE — Chief executive of a Public Service agency (includes positions titled secretary, director-general and so on)
  • CPD — Continuing Professional Development
  • DA — Departmental agency
  • DCE — Deputy chief executive (second tier manager in a Public Service agency)
  • IEB — Interdepartmental executive board
  • NGO — Non-government organisation
  • PFA — Public Finance Act 1989
  • PSLT — Te Ohu Tumu Whakarae i te Ratonga Tūmatanui | Public Service Leadership Team (grouping of chief executives established under section 59 of the Public Service Act 2020)